About Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan to issue a catalogue series dedicated to the historical architectural monuments
08 July 2021
Uzbekistan to issue a catalogue series dedicated to the historical architectural monuments

Being rich with numerous historical architectural monuments, medieval iconic buildings and constructions of residential and civil architecture belonging to the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, Uzbekistan keeps attracting not only tourists from all over the world, but also historians, archaeologists and art critics as well.

The Samanids Mausoleum located in Bukhara, the world-known Mirzo Ulugbek Observatory in Samarkand, the famous Siab Bazaar, Kalta Minar Minaret located in the inner part of Khiva, the Complex of Hazrati Imam in Tashkent and many other architectural masterpieces of Uzbekistan amaze visitors with their vastness and grace, impressing any tourist visiting Uzbekistan. 

Throughout history, the territory of modern Uzbekistan has had major cultural regions with historical centres located along the Great Silk Road. Distinctive regional architectural schools that had a strong capacity deriving the elements of the culture of various countries and nations, such as Bukhara, Samarkand, Khorezm have had form in the territory of current Uzbekistan. All of these architectural schools have had a huge impact on the architecture of Central Asian regions all over.

The ancient cities of Uzbekistan such as Bukhara, Samarkand, Khiva, Shakhrisabz, Termez, Kokand are truly treasure-cities. Historical and architectural monuments that have remained on these lands until our modern days are indeed among the greatest values of the world civilization, representing authentic masterpieces of art.

Regardless of the significance of Uzbekistan’s Islamic architecture in world history, no general research has been held in this regard so far, either no catalogue of preserved ancient monuments of Uzbekistan have been published, which would demonstrate the historical evolution and highlight the uniqueness of the historical architectural schools of Uzbekistan. Moreover, among the hundreds of the preserved great historical monuments, only the most significant examples located in the major cities forming a tourist route of Uzbekistan have been studied and are represented in the literature. Unfortunately, a great number of the ancient monuments and constructions in smaller cities, towns and villages of Uzbekistan, located along the ancient Silk Road of trade still remain undiscovered and unstudied thoroughly, represented in a passive way or not represented at all in the international popular scientific and research publications.

The authors’ team is currently proposing to develop a series of illustrated catalogues dedicated to studying and covering the historical architectural monuments of Uzbekistan in three languages: Uzbek, Russian and English. The catalogues series would highlight the unique and authentic approach of the regional architectural schools founded in the territory of Uzbekistan to the public.

As an example, the catalogue of the Bukhara region would include annotations, drawings and blueprints, historical and current photos of hundreds of the preserved monuments of architecture. Half of the works of art are made in a quite interesting and distinct way and design, however still remain unrevealed to the audience.

As a result of the project, the unstudied and unknown historical and cultural heritage of Uzbekistan will become popular among the international audience and the world travel market, thus attracting more tourists to Uzbekistan, also enabling to develop and design new tourist destinations in Uzbekistan.

The provisional structure of the 11 series catalogue looks like the following:

“The catalogue of architectural monuments of the Bukhara region”

“The catalogue of architectural monuments of the Navoi region”

“The catalogue of architectural monuments of the Samarkand region”

“The catalogue of architectural monuments of the Surkhandarya region”

 “The catalogue of architectural monuments of the Kashkadarya region”

“The catalogue of architectural monuments of the Tashkent region”

“The catalogue of architectural monuments of the Djizak and Sirdarya regions”

 “The catalogue of architectural monuments of Khorezm and Karakaplakstan”

“The catalogue of architectural monuments of the Fergana Valley”

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Did you know?

Uzbekistan is one of only two countries in the world to be ‘double landlocked’ (landlocked and totally surrounded by other landlocked countries). Liechtenstein is double landlocked by 2 countries whilst Uzbekistan is surrounded by 5!

Did you know that Uzbekistan lies in the very heart of Eurasia, the coordinates for Uzbekistan are 41.0000° N, 69.0000°

Uzbekistan is home to the Muruntan gold mine, one of the largest open pit gold mines in the world! The country has 4th largest reserves of gold in the world after South Africa, USA and Russia

Uzbekistan is the world capital of melons. They have in excess of 150 different varieties, which form a staple part of the local diet, served fresh in the summer and eaten dried through the winter.

It is Uzbek tradition that the most respected guest be seated farthest from the house’s entrance.

Tashkent’s metro features chandeliers, marble pillars and ceilings, granite, and engraved metal. It has been called one of the most beautiful train stations in the world.

The Uzbek master chef is able to cook in just one caldron enough plov to serve a thousand men.

When you are a host to someone, it is your duty to fill their cups with for the whole time they are with you.  What you must not do, however, is to fill their cup more than half-full.  If you do that as a mistake, say it is a mistake immediately.  Doing it means you want them to leave.  Wow!  Amazing, right?

To Uzbeks, respect means a whole lot.  For this reason they love it if, even as foreigners, you endeavour to add the respectful suffix opa after a woman's name; and aka after a man's.  Example: Linda-opa and David-aka.  You could also use hon and jon respectively.

Having been an historic crossroads for centuries as part of various ancient empires, Uzbekistan’s food is very eclectic. It has its roots in Iranian, Arab, Indian, Russian and Chinese cuisine.

Though identified with the Persia, the Zoroastrism probably originated in Bactria or Sogdiana. Many distinguished scholars share an opinion that Zoroastrianism had originated in the ancient Khorezm. Indeed, today in the world there were found 63 Zoroastrian monuments, including those in Iran, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Thirty-eight of them are in Uzbekistan, whereas 17 of these monuments are located in Khorezm.

One of Islam's most sacred relics - the world's oldest Koran that was compiled in Medina by Othman, the third caliph or Muslim leader, is kept in Tashkent. It was completed in the year 651, only 19 years after Muhammad's death. 

Tashkent is the only megapolis in the world where public transport is totally comprised of Mercedes buses. And due to low urban air polution it is one of the few cities where one can still see the stars in the sky.

You would be surprised to know that modern TV was born in Tashkent. No joke! The picture of moving objects was transmitted by radio first time in the world in Tashkent on 26 of July 1928 by inventors B.P. Grabovsky and I.F. Belansky.

Uzbekistan is the only country in the world all of whose neighbours have their names ending in STAN. This is also the only country in Central Asia that borders all of the countries of this region

Uzbeks are the third populous Turkik ethnicity in the world after Turks and Azeris (leaving both in Azerbaijan and Iran)

Did you know that there was silk money in Khiva? Super interesting right? Of course, but the best part of having silk money was that it could be sewn into your clothing.

Famous Islamic physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna in the Latin world) who was born near Bukhara was the one of the first people to advocate using women’s hair as suture material – about 1400 years ago.

Uzbekistan has a long and bloody history. The most notorious leader of Uzbekistan was Timur (or Tamerlane) who claimed descent from Genghis Khan. His military campaigns have been credited for wiping out some 5% of the world’s population at the time.

If you have thought that some of the Islamic architecture in Uzbekistan resembles that from Northern India, then that is because Timur’s great great great Grandson, Babur Beg, was the founder of the Moghul Empire that ruled much of India for almost four centuries! Babur’s great great Grandson was Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal.

Uzbekistan was once a rum producig country. There is still a real arboretum in Denau (city near Termez on the border with Afghanistan), grown from a selection station that studied the prospects of plant growing in the unusual for the Soviet Union subtropical climate of Surkhandarya region: only here in the whole of the USSR sugar cane was grown and even rum was produced!

Uzbekistan has been ranked one of the safest countries in the world, according to a new global poll. The annual Gallup Global Law and Order asked if people felt safe walking at night and whether they had been victims of crime. The survey placed Uzbekistan 5th out of 135 countries, while the UK was 21st and the US 35th. Top five safest countries:

  • Singapore
  • Norway
  • Iceland
  • Finland
  • Uzbekistan
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