About Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan hosts the Shanghai Cooperation Organizations summit in Samarkand: steps to development of cooperation in the field of tourism between the member states
18 September 2022
Uzbekistan hosts the Shanghai Cooperation Organizations summit in Samarkand: steps to development of cooperation in the field of tourism between the member states

The most important and large-scale event of these days in Uzbekistan was the 22nd meeting of the SCO / Shanghai Cooperation Organization Council of Heads of States held in Samarkand under the chairmanship of Uzbekistan.

As a result of the SCO summit, the member countries signed more than 40 conceptual and strategic documents that will help realize the huge potential of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

One of the issues on the extensive agenda of the SCO summit was the expansion of cooperation in the field of tourism, which is not an accident. Today, the space of the SCO has a huge tourism market and covers 44% of the population of the world. The total cultural heritage of the SCO member states, observers and partners makes the total of 207 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. They are of particular importance in the development of tourism and have attracted tourists from all over the world for centuries.

High interest and consolidation of the SCO member states in dynamic development of the tourism sector has become an important part of the current 22nd summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Taking into account the rich historical and cultural heritage of the member states, tourism is becoming one of the important priorities of cooperation of SCO member states.

During the 22nd summit of SCO member states, the Samarkand Declaration has been adapted by the parties, which reflects strengthening cooperation in the tourism field.

At the same time, Uzbekistan makes substantial contribution to the expansion and development of the tourism industry in the span of SCO region, since our country carries a great cultural, historical and civilizational heritage.

At the 22nd summit of the SCO held in Samarkand, the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev outlined the tourism dimension as one of the priorities of cooperation during his speech.

Various significant documents in the sphere of tourism cooperation between SCO member states were signed, which include the following:

“Agreement between the governments of the SCO member states on cooperation in the field of tourism"

"Memorandum on cooperation in the field of museum business between the SCO member states"

Also, the city of Varansa (India) received the status of the tourism and cultural capital of the SCO in 2022-2023.

The president of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev also initiated to declare 2023 as the Year of Tourism Development in the SCO space. At the same time, Iran’s entry into the SCO and granting the Arab states of the Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Qatar the status of a dialogue partner of the SCO have become a bright decisions taken during the summit, which would expand the geography of tourism.

As a part of its chairmanship, another initiative of Uzbekistan during the summit was to propose to launch an annual regional SCO tourism forum. The proposal was greeted with a strong support of the member states. The main goal of the proposal was to develop joint initiatives between the member states to develop the tourism potential of the SCO space and its members. Designing and creating combined tours and cross-border tourism exchange between the countries, identifying the issue and finding resolution to the problems and obstacles in domestic tourism in the SCO space are another advantage of the current initiative. As a result of the support of Uzbekistan’s proposal, the first Forum has been agreed to be held in March 2023 in Bukhara.

Additionally, promoting gastronomic, health, pilgrimage, winter, mountain, agro-, ethno- and ecotourism in the SCO member state regions, developing archaeological and other types of tourism have also been discussed.

The Samarkand SCO Summit demonstrated the importance of expanding practical cooperation in the field of tourism between the member states, thus developing the economy and interregional interconnectedness of our countries, as well as expanding intercultural dialogue and strengthening good neighborliness in the SCO space.

Organizing the SCO summit in the city of Samarkand will definitely promote Uzbekistan’s tourism, including the historical attractions and monuments of Samarkand on high-scale level. The event highlights not only the tourist sights and destinations of Uzbekistan on international level, but also demonstrates the progress attained and the efforts applied in the development of infrastructure, economy, and foreign policy and broadcasts it to the audience of the worldwide.


More news about Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan participates at ITB Travel Fair in Berlin: results, resolutions and new agreements

The annual International Travel Trade show ITB Berlin-2023 took place in Germany from 7 March through 9 March this year. 

15 March 2023
Uzbekistan and Japan to enhance cooperation in cultural and humanitarian field

The Head of Olympic Delegation of Uzbekistan – the Deputy Prime Minister and the Minister of Tourism and Sports of Uzbekistan Aziz Abdukhakimov met with Sunichi TOKURA, the Commissioner for Cultural Affairs of Japan. 

26 July 2021
Uzbekistan’s pilgrimage tourism opportunities and obstacles discussed in Tashkent conference

The idea of creating a single brand of the pilgrimage tourism in Uzbekistan was brought up during the meeting. 

18 April 2022
Did you know?

Uzbekistan is one of only two countries in the world to be ‘double landlocked’ (landlocked and totally surrounded by other landlocked countries). Liechtenstein is double landlocked by 2 countries whilst Uzbekistan is surrounded by 5!

Did you know that Uzbekistan lies in the very heart of Eurasia, the coordinates for Uzbekistan are 41.0000° N, 69.0000°

Uzbekistan is home to the Muruntan gold mine, one of the largest open pit gold mines in the world! The country has 4th largest reserves of gold in the world after South Africa, USA and Russia

Uzbekistan is the world capital of melons. They have in excess of 150 different varieties, which form a staple part of the local diet, served fresh in the summer and eaten dried through the winter.

It is Uzbek tradition that the most respected guest be seated farthest from the house’s entrance.

Tashkent’s metro features chandeliers, marble pillars and ceilings, granite, and engraved metal. It has been called one of the most beautiful train stations in the world.

The Uzbek master chef is able to cook in just one caldron enough plov to serve a thousand men.

When you are a host to someone, it is your duty to fill their cups with for the whole time they are with you.  What you must not do, however, is to fill their cup more than half-full.  If you do that as a mistake, say it is a mistake immediately.  Doing it means you want them to leave.  Wow!  Amazing, right?

To Uzbeks, respect means a whole lot.  For this reason they love it if, even as foreigners, you endeavour to add the respectful suffix opa after a woman's name; and aka after a man's.  Example: Linda-opa and David-aka.  You could also use hon and jon respectively.

Having been an historic crossroads for centuries as part of various ancient empires, Uzbekistan’s food is very eclectic. It has its roots in Iranian, Arab, Indian, Russian and Chinese cuisine.

Though identified with the Persia, the Zoroastrism probably originated in Bactria or Sogdiana. Many distinguished scholars share an opinion that Zoroastrianism had originated in the ancient Khorezm. Indeed, today in the world there were found 63 Zoroastrian monuments, including those in Iran, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Thirty-eight of them are in Uzbekistan, whereas 17 of these monuments are located in Khorezm.

One of Islam's most sacred relics - the world's oldest Koran that was compiled in Medina by Othman, the third caliph or Muslim leader, is kept in Tashkent. It was completed in the year 651, only 19 years after Muhammad's death. 

Tashkent is the only megapolis in the world where public transport is totally comprised of Mercedes buses. And due to low urban air polution it is one of the few cities where one can still see the stars in the sky.

You would be surprised to know that modern TV was born in Tashkent. No joke! The picture of moving objects was transmitted by radio first time in the world in Tashkent on 26 of July 1928 by inventors B.P. Grabovsky and I.F. Belansky.

Uzbekistan is the only country in the world all of whose neighbours have their names ending in STAN. This is also the only country in Central Asia that borders all of the countries of this region

Uzbeks are the third populous Turkik ethnicity in the world after Turks and Azeris (leaving both in Azerbaijan and Iran)

Did you know that there was silk money in Khiva? Super interesting right? Of course, but the best part of having silk money was that it could be sewn into your clothing.

Famous Islamic physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna in the Latin world) who was born near Bukhara was the one of the first people to advocate using women’s hair as suture material – about 1400 years ago.

Uzbekistan has a long and bloody history. The most notorious leader of Uzbekistan was Timur (or Tamerlane) who claimed descent from Genghis Khan. His military campaigns have been credited for wiping out some 5% of the world’s population at the time.

If you have thought that some of the Islamic architecture in Uzbekistan resembles that from Northern India, then that is because Timur’s great great great Grandson, Babur Beg, was the founder of the Moghul Empire that ruled much of India for almost four centuries! Babur’s great great Grandson was Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal.

Uzbekistan was once a rum producig country. There is still a real arboretum in Denau (city near Termez on the border with Afghanistan), grown from a selection station that studied the prospects of plant growing in the unusual for the Soviet Union subtropical climate of Surkhandarya region: only here in the whole of the USSR sugar cane was grown and even rum was produced!

Uzbekistan has been ranked one of the safest countries in the world, according to a new global poll. The annual Gallup Global Law and Order asked if people felt safe walking at night and whether they had been victims of crime. The survey placed Uzbekistan 5th out of 135 countries, while the UK was 21st and the US 35th. Top five safest countries:

  • Singapore
  • Norway
  • Iceland
  • Finland
  • Uzbekistan
Exchange rates
100 RUR
13451.69 UZS
100 USD
1265457 UZS
100 EUR
1344282.56 UZS
100 GBP
1575620.69 UZS
Weather in cities