About Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan holds the grand opening of the new tourist center – Silk Road Samarkand Complex
25 August 2022
Uzbekistan holds the grand opening of the new tourist center – Silk Road Samarkand Complex

The grand opening ceremony of the new international tourist center Silk Road Samarkand took place on 23 August. The President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev arrived in Samarkand to participate in the opening ceremony.

The head of our state made a speech and congratulated everyone on this joyful event.

This outstanding project was given a start in 2019 by the initiative of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev. This ambitious project covered the construction of a huge complex on an area of ​​212 hectares along the rowing canal in the Samarkand region. An international team of experienced architects and engineers was involved in the development of the Silk Road Samarkand project.

Local qualified construction companies, experts and specialists from Turkey, Great Britain, and Italy were engaged in the development of this marvelous project in Samarkand, which was planned to become the International Tourist Center in Central Asia.

The multifunctional center includes 8 modern hotels, a congress hall, the Eternal City complex, an amphitheater and many other entertainment facilities. Silk Road Samarkand has a capacity of serving 2 million tourists a year.

- This wonderful center is a continuation of the architectural traditions founded by our great ancestors. I am sure that it will become a symbolic bridge between our glorious history and the Third Renaissance, the foundation of which we are currently forming, the President noted during his speech at the opening ceremony.

The project was named Silk Road Samarkand with a deep meaning to it – the buildings of the complex reflect historical paintings of the era of the Great Silk Road. Thus, when designing the Eternal City ensemble, the plot of the fresco preserved on the wall of ancient Afrosiab depicting the ceremony of receiving ambassadors from Korea, China, India and other countries by the ruler of the Sogdian state was used.

The complex locates in itself an old bazaar, with 40 craft workshops in the traditions of all regions of Uzbekistan. Artisans will conduct master classes in woodcarving, pottery, silk paper, jewelry and carpet weaving in front of the guests and tourists visiting the Silk Road Samarkand Complex.

The new tourist center will play an important role in increasing the number of foreign tourists visiting Samarkand to more than 1.5 million people in the coming years. In general, the goal is to increase the number of tourists traveling to Uzbekistan from the current 2 million to 9 million in the upcoming five years. Additionally, the new project creates a significant number of new workplaces for people living in Uzbekistan, raising the employment in the tourism sector to over 500,000 people.

At the same time, the modern hotels and a congress hall designed in the Silk Road Samarkand Tourist Complex will create conditions for large-scale events. Significant international events will soon be held here, such as the summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and the meeting of the leaders of the member states of the Organization of Turkic States. Next year, the ancient city will host the annual meeting of the Board of Governors of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the General Assembly of the World Tourism Organization.


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Did you know?

Uzbekistan is one of only two countries in the world to be ‘double landlocked’ (landlocked and totally surrounded by other landlocked countries). Liechtenstein is double landlocked by 2 countries whilst Uzbekistan is surrounded by 5!

Did you know that Uzbekistan lies in the very heart of Eurasia, the coordinates for Uzbekistan are 41.0000° N, 69.0000°

Uzbekistan is home to the Muruntan gold mine, one of the largest open pit gold mines in the world! The country has 4th largest reserves of gold in the world after South Africa, USA and Russia

Uzbekistan is the world capital of melons. They have in excess of 150 different varieties, which form a staple part of the local diet, served fresh in the summer and eaten dried through the winter.

It is Uzbek tradition that the most respected guest be seated farthest from the house’s entrance.

Tashkent’s metro features chandeliers, marble pillars and ceilings, granite, and engraved metal. It has been called one of the most beautiful train stations in the world.

The Uzbek master chef is able to cook in just one caldron enough plov to serve a thousand men.

When you are a host to someone, it is your duty to fill their cups with for the whole time they are with you.  What you must not do, however, is to fill their cup more than half-full.  If you do that as a mistake, say it is a mistake immediately.  Doing it means you want them to leave.  Wow!  Amazing, right?

To Uzbeks, respect means a whole lot.  For this reason they love it if, even as foreigners, you endeavour to add the respectful suffix opa after a woman's name; and aka after a man's.  Example: Linda-opa and David-aka.  You could also use hon and jon respectively.

Having been an historic crossroads for centuries as part of various ancient empires, Uzbekistan’s food is very eclectic. It has its roots in Iranian, Arab, Indian, Russian and Chinese cuisine.

Though identified with the Persia, the Zoroastrism probably originated in Bactria or Sogdiana. Many distinguished scholars share an opinion that Zoroastrianism had originated in the ancient Khorezm. Indeed, today in the world there were found 63 Zoroastrian monuments, including those in Iran, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Thirty-eight of them are in Uzbekistan, whereas 17 of these monuments are located in Khorezm.

One of Islam's most sacred relics - the world's oldest Koran that was compiled in Medina by Othman, the third caliph or Muslim leader, is kept in Tashkent. It was completed in the year 651, only 19 years after Muhammad's death. 

Tashkent is the only megapolis in the world where public transport is totally comprised of Mercedes buses. And due to low urban air polution it is one of the few cities where one can still see the stars in the sky.

You would be surprised to know that modern TV was born in Tashkent. No joke! The picture of moving objects was transmitted by radio first time in the world in Tashkent on 26 of July 1928 by inventors B.P. Grabovsky and I.F. Belansky.

Uzbekistan is the only country in the world all of whose neighbours have their names ending in STAN. This is also the only country in Central Asia that borders all of the countries of this region

Uzbeks are the third populous Turkik ethnicity in the world after Turks and Azeris (leaving both in Azerbaijan and Iran)

Did you know that there was silk money in Khiva? Super interesting right? Of course, but the best part of having silk money was that it could be sewn into your clothing.

Famous Islamic physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna in the Latin world) who was born near Bukhara was the one of the first people to advocate using women’s hair as suture material – about 1400 years ago.

Uzbekistan has a long and bloody history. The most notorious leader of Uzbekistan was Timur (or Tamerlane) who claimed descent from Genghis Khan. His military campaigns have been credited for wiping out some 5% of the world’s population at the time.

If you have thought that some of the Islamic architecture in Uzbekistan resembles that from Northern India, then that is because Timur’s great great great Grandson, Babur Beg, was the founder of the Moghul Empire that ruled much of India for almost four centuries! Babur’s great great Grandson was Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal.

Uzbekistan was once a rum producig country. There is still a real arboretum in Denau (city near Termez on the border with Afghanistan), grown from a selection station that studied the prospects of plant growing in the unusual for the Soviet Union subtropical climate of Surkhandarya region: only here in the whole of the USSR sugar cane was grown and even rum was produced!

Uzbekistan has been ranked one of the safest countries in the world, according to a new global poll. The annual Gallup Global Law and Order asked if people felt safe walking at night and whether they had been victims of crime. The survey placed Uzbekistan 5th out of 135 countries, while the UK was 21st and the US 35th. Top five safest countries:

  • Singapore
  • Norway
  • Iceland
  • Finland
  • Uzbekistan
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