About Uzbekistan

The tourism potential of Uzbekistan presented in Azerbaijan – Khorezm region and Lazgi Dance
11 April 2023
The tourism potential of Uzbekistan presented in Azerbaijan – Khorezm region and Lazgi Dance

A delegation from the Khorezm region paid an official visit to Azerbaijan to represent the tourism image of Uzbekistan, particularly the Khorezm region.

The five-day trip of the Uzbek delegation, consisting of representatives of official, business circles and cultural organizations, was organized to familiarize the public of Azerbaijan with the rich culture, traditions and tourism potential of the Khorezm region.

The agenda of the Khorezm delegation’s visit to Azerbaijan covered participation in the international tourism exhibition "Tourism and Travel" - AITF 2023. As part of this event, visitors to the pavilion were provided with detailed information about the tourism potential of Uzbekistan, including the Khorezm region.

A concert program and Uzbek dance performances under the guidance of the famous choreographer Gavkhar Matyakubova filled the hall with a truly festive atmosphere. The famous Khorezm dance “Lazgi”, which is included in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, was presented to the attention of the guests and participants.

In order to popularize the Uzbek national culture and expand the idea of Uzbekistan’s tourist image, a performance by Uzbek artists was also organized on Azerbaijani television.  ATV channel broadcasted two programs dedicated to the culture, traditions and tourism potential of the Khorezm region to local and foreign audiences.

Briefly about Khorezm Region

Being the oldest region of Uzbekistan and Central Asia, the history of Khorezm goes back many centuries, approximately 3000 years from now, encompassing many great civilizations like Mesopotamia, Egypt, and India in its area. The first records of Khorezm are found in the holy book of Zoroastrians “Avesta”.

Today, you can see numerous ancient monuments in the territory of Khorezm, particularly in Khiva, which is referred to as an open-air museum due to the preservation of its ancient architectural heritage. Ichan Kala complex, translated as “the inner town”, is a historical center of Khiva, surrounded by the fortress. Ichan Kala has preserved the whole complex of ancient monuments, delivering the spirit and atmosphere of ancient times that you can feel as soon as you enter the fortress through the historical gates of the old town.

Ichan Kala has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List due to the number of ancient monuments, madrasahs, mosques and mausoleums in its territory. The famous Kalta Minor minaret, Juma Mosque with 218 carved columns, the Islam Khoja minaret with a height of 56 meters, is considered a symbol of Khiva. The Tash-Khauli Palace, the Kunya Ark fortress and the mausoleum of Pakhlavon Mahmud, the Nurullabay Palace, the Muhammad Aminkhan madrasah and many others are located right within the fortress walls of the “inner town”, Ichan Kala, which is a unique historical center of Khiva.

As you travel to Uzbekistan, the Khorezm region, particularly Khiva and Ichan Kala are indeed among the must-visit places in Uzbekistan, for their unique culture, food, art and architecture. 

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Did you know?

Uzbekistan is one of only two countries in the world to be ‘double landlocked’ (landlocked and totally surrounded by other landlocked countries). Liechtenstein is double landlocked by 2 countries whilst Uzbekistan is surrounded by 5!

Did you know that Uzbekistan lies in the very heart of Eurasia, the coordinates for Uzbekistan are 41.0000° N, 69.0000°

Uzbekistan is home to the Muruntan gold mine, one of the largest open pit gold mines in the world! The country has 4th largest reserves of gold in the world after South Africa, USA and Russia

Uzbekistan is the world capital of melons. They have in excess of 150 different varieties, which form a staple part of the local diet, served fresh in the summer and eaten dried through the winter.

It is Uzbek tradition that the most respected guest be seated farthest from the house’s entrance.

Tashkent’s metro features chandeliers, marble pillars and ceilings, granite, and engraved metal. It has been called one of the most beautiful train stations in the world.

The Uzbek master chef is able to cook in just one caldron enough plov to serve a thousand men.

When you are a host to someone, it is your duty to fill their cups with for the whole time they are with you.  What you must not do, however, is to fill their cup more than half-full.  If you do that as a mistake, say it is a mistake immediately.  Doing it means you want them to leave.  Wow!  Amazing, right?

To Uzbeks, respect means a whole lot.  For this reason they love it if, even as foreigners, you endeavour to add the respectful suffix opa after a woman's name; and aka after a man's.  Example: Linda-opa and David-aka.  You could also use hon and jon respectively.

Having been an historic crossroads for centuries as part of various ancient empires, Uzbekistan’s food is very eclectic. It has its roots in Iranian, Arab, Indian, Russian and Chinese cuisine.

Though identified with the Persia, the Zoroastrism probably originated in Bactria or Sogdiana. Many distinguished scholars share an opinion that Zoroastrianism had originated in the ancient Khorezm. Indeed, today in the world there were found 63 Zoroastrian monuments, including those in Iran, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Thirty-eight of them are in Uzbekistan, whereas 17 of these monuments are located in Khorezm.

One of Islam's most sacred relics - the world's oldest Koran that was compiled in Medina by Othman, the third caliph or Muslim leader, is kept in Tashkent. It was completed in the year 651, only 19 years after Muhammad's death. 

Tashkent is the only megapolis in the world where public transport is totally comprised of Mercedes buses. And due to low urban air polution it is one of the few cities where one can still see the stars in the sky.

You would be surprised to know that modern TV was born in Tashkent. No joke! The picture of moving objects was transmitted by radio first time in the world in Tashkent on 26 of July 1928 by inventors B.P. Grabovsky and I.F. Belansky.

Uzbekistan is the only country in the world all of whose neighbours have their names ending in STAN. This is also the only country in Central Asia that borders all of the countries of this region

Uzbeks are the third populous Turkik ethnicity in the world after Turks and Azeris (leaving both in Azerbaijan and Iran)

Did you know that there was silk money in Khiva? Super interesting right? Of course, but the best part of having silk money was that it could be sewn into your clothing.

Famous Islamic physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna in the Latin world) who was born near Bukhara was the one of the first people to advocate using women’s hair as suture material – about 1400 years ago.

Uzbekistan has a long and bloody history. The most notorious leader of Uzbekistan was Timur (or Tamerlane) who claimed descent from Genghis Khan. His military campaigns have been credited for wiping out some 5% of the world’s population at the time.

If you have thought that some of the Islamic architecture in Uzbekistan resembles that from Northern India, then that is because Timur’s great great great Grandson, Babur Beg, was the founder of the Moghul Empire that ruled much of India for almost four centuries! Babur’s great great Grandson was Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal.

Uzbekistan was once a rum producig country. There is still a real arboretum in Denau (city near Termez on the border with Afghanistan), grown from a selection station that studied the prospects of plant growing in the unusual for the Soviet Union subtropical climate of Surkhandarya region: only here in the whole of the USSR sugar cane was grown and even rum was produced!

Uzbekistan has been ranked one of the safest countries in the world, according to a new global poll. The annual Gallup Global Law and Order asked if people felt safe walking at night and whether they had been victims of crime. The survey placed Uzbekistan 5th out of 135 countries, while the UK was 21st and the US 35th. Top five safest countries:

  • Singapore
  • Norway
  • Iceland
  • Finland
  • Uzbekistan
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