About Uzbekistan

The color of the Uzbek bazaars in the focus of attention by Spanish media
24 May 2023
The color of the Uzbek bazaars in the focus of attention by Spanish media

The leading Spanish online edition "La Vanguardia" published an article dedicated to Uzbek Bazaar. The article was written by editorial columnist Sergi Ramis under the heading "Kumtepa Bazaar in Uzbekistan, the largest market in Central Asia".

The author writes about the Kumtepa market located near one of the most ancient cities of Uzbekistan – Margilan. “The Kumtepa bazaar is located on a vast territory of the earth,” he says. - A guest can spend the whole day wandering through the open-air marketplaces. In size and bustle, it resembles the Kashgar Sunday Bazaar (China). The bazaar is grouped into sectors, as befits a market that originated many centuries ago.

The city of Margilan is located in Fergana Valley on the crossroad of ancient trade routes of the Great Silk Road. Margilan is known for making the best silk in Central Asia, which has become famous all over the world today.

The author also notes in his article that fabrics made from silk threads, as in the ancient times of the Silk Road, still play an important role in this region of Uzbekistan. In the bazaar, you can find a small building with about twenty shops selling silk fabrics. A market was built around this treasure, stretching along both sides of the Margilan tract.

“The Ferghana Valley, where Margilan is located, is the most fertile oasis in Central Asia. Here you can find grapes, apples, potatoes, peppers, nuts, and other dried fruits in abundance. All products are neatly folded. As in other oases of Central Asia, melons and watermelons here have competitive sizes. They are so huge and heavy that special bags are attached to them,” the article says.

Amongst the Uzbek silk, juicy Uzbek fruits and vegetables sold in the bazaar, the author pays special attention to delicious Uzbek bread. He writes that each bread master has his own identifying pattern. As he expresses, the incredible aroma of bread causes a feeling of irresistible temptation to try it, and we have to agree with his statement.

“The tortilla, which has been declared an intangible cultural heritage of mankind, is not only an important food item in the diet of people. In Uzbek culture, it is also a symbol of well-being and prosperity, and it is unthinkable for bread to be left on the table at the end of a meal. Here it is not customary to treat bread impolitely or throw it away, which should be remembered by foreign guests,” the Spanish journalist admires.

Then the author continues with the favorite food of people in Uzbekistan, saying that Uzbek people love lamb very much. He describes various types of Uzbek kebabs made with lamb. “The whole of Kumtepa Bazaar smells of fried lamb, and in the market, where specialized shops are concentrated, there are areas over which a cloud of smoke constantly hangs” – quoted from the article.

Besides the historical sites in the ancient Silk Road cities of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva, Uzbek bazaars are another attraction for those who plan to travel to Uzbekistan. Whether it is the popular Chorsu Bazaar in Tashkent, the famous Siab Bazaar located in Samarkand, or any other, as soon as you enter, a delicious blend of various local spices, mouthwatering fruits and dry fruits, a rich variety of Uzbek bread seduces your appetite, inviting you to a different world of taste to relish and discover. We highly recommend to travelers visiting our country not to miss this colorful and delightful opportunity to enjoy during their trip to Uzbekistan.

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Did you know?

Uzbekistan is one of only two countries in the world to be ‘double landlocked’ (landlocked and totally surrounded by other landlocked countries). Liechtenstein is double landlocked by 2 countries whilst Uzbekistan is surrounded by 5!

Did you know that Uzbekistan lies in the very heart of Eurasia, the coordinates for Uzbekistan are 41.0000° N, 69.0000°

Uzbekistan is home to the Muruntan gold mine, one of the largest open pit gold mines in the world! The country has 4th largest reserves of gold in the world after South Africa, USA and Russia

Uzbekistan is the world capital of melons. They have in excess of 150 different varieties, which form a staple part of the local diet, served fresh in the summer and eaten dried through the winter.

It is Uzbek tradition that the most respected guest be seated farthest from the house’s entrance.

Tashkent’s metro features chandeliers, marble pillars and ceilings, granite, and engraved metal. It has been called one of the most beautiful train stations in the world.

The Uzbek master chef is able to cook in just one caldron enough plov to serve a thousand men.

When you are a host to someone, it is your duty to fill their cups with for the whole time they are with you.  What you must not do, however, is to fill their cup more than half-full.  If you do that as a mistake, say it is a mistake immediately.  Doing it means you want them to leave.  Wow!  Amazing, right?

To Uzbeks, respect means a whole lot.  For this reason they love it if, even as foreigners, you endeavour to add the respectful suffix opa after a woman's name; and aka after a man's.  Example: Linda-opa and David-aka.  You could also use hon and jon respectively.

Having been an historic crossroads for centuries as part of various ancient empires, Uzbekistan’s food is very eclectic. It has its roots in Iranian, Arab, Indian, Russian and Chinese cuisine.

Though identified with the Persia, the Zoroastrism probably originated in Bactria or Sogdiana. Many distinguished scholars share an opinion that Zoroastrianism had originated in the ancient Khorezm. Indeed, today in the world there were found 63 Zoroastrian monuments, including those in Iran, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Thirty-eight of them are in Uzbekistan, whereas 17 of these monuments are located in Khorezm.

One of Islam's most sacred relics - the world's oldest Koran that was compiled in Medina by Othman, the third caliph or Muslim leader, is kept in Tashkent. It was completed in the year 651, only 19 years after Muhammad's death. 

Tashkent is the only megapolis in the world where public transport is totally comprised of Mercedes buses. And due to low urban air polution it is one of the few cities where one can still see the stars in the sky.

You would be surprised to know that modern TV was born in Tashkent. No joke! The picture of moving objects was transmitted by radio first time in the world in Tashkent on 26 of July 1928 by inventors B.P. Grabovsky and I.F. Belansky.

Uzbekistan is the only country in the world all of whose neighbours have their names ending in STAN. This is also the only country in Central Asia that borders all of the countries of this region

Uzbeks are the third populous Turkik ethnicity in the world after Turks and Azeris (leaving both in Azerbaijan and Iran)

Did you know that there was silk money in Khiva? Super interesting right? Of course, but the best part of having silk money was that it could be sewn into your clothing.

Famous Islamic physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna in the Latin world) who was born near Bukhara was the one of the first people to advocate using women’s hair as suture material – about 1400 years ago.

Uzbekistan has a long and bloody history. The most notorious leader of Uzbekistan was Timur (or Tamerlane) who claimed descent from Genghis Khan. His military campaigns have been credited for wiping out some 5% of the world’s population at the time.

If you have thought that some of the Islamic architecture in Uzbekistan resembles that from Northern India, then that is because Timur’s great great great Grandson, Babur Beg, was the founder of the Moghul Empire that ruled much of India for almost four centuries! Babur’s great great Grandson was Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal.

Uzbekistan was once a rum producig country. There is still a real arboretum in Denau (city near Termez on the border with Afghanistan), grown from a selection station that studied the prospects of plant growing in the unusual for the Soviet Union subtropical climate of Surkhandarya region: only here in the whole of the USSR sugar cane was grown and even rum was produced!

Uzbekistan has been ranked one of the safest countries in the world, according to a new global poll. The annual Gallup Global Law and Order asked if people felt safe walking at night and whether they had been victims of crime. The survey placed Uzbekistan 5th out of 135 countries, while the UK was 21st and the US 35th. Top five safest countries:

  • Singapore
  • Norway
  • Iceland
  • Finland
  • Uzbekistan
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