About Uzbekistan

The 3rd International Bakhshi Festival takes place in Uzbekistan's Gulistan
11 May 2023
The 3rd International Bakhshi Festival takes place in Uzbekistan's Gulistan

The 3rd International Bakhshi Art Festival took place in the city of Gulistan, Uzbekistan.

This year, the bakhshi festival in Gulistan was held for the third time. The first time was organized in Termez in 2019, the second Bakhshi Festival took place in Nukus in 2021.

The 3rd International Bakhshi Festival was held in the city of Gulistan, Syrdarya region from 6 May through 8 May this year. The festival was attended by musicians, singers and guests from more than 30 countries, including Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Hungary, South Korea and Japan.

The festival was opened by the theatrical concert program “My Freedom, Happiness, Blue Sky!”, during which such ensembles as “Sabo”, “Lazgi”, “Shodlik”, as well as ballet dancers of the Karakalpak State Academic Musical Theater and other groups performed. Overall, more than 1,500 artists took part in the celebration, which was closed with fireworks.

The adviser of President Odil Abdurakhmanov read out a holiday greeting from the head of state to the guests and participants of the event. He noted the importance of the art of bakhshi, which stands at the origins of Uzbek oral folk art, and glorifies the noble feelings and qualities of a person.

The President drew attention to the fact that in recent years Uzbekistan has been working on the further development of the cultural sector, including the art of bakhshi. Thus, the Republican Bakhshi Art Center and the Bakhshi Art Development Fund operate in Uzbekistan today. In addition, there are ensembles of this genre in various regions of Uzbekistan. All this makes it possible to form a golden fund of dastans and songs from talented folklore masters.

The art of bakhshi is the presentation of poems in the doston genre, based on myths, legends, folk tales and legendary chants, to the accompaniment of Uzbek musical instruments, including dombra and kobuz. Bakhshis (storytellers) tell stories from memory, respecting cultural traditions and customs. The Uzbek literary and musical art of the bakhshi was included in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Music performers from more than 40 foreign countries and international organizations participated in the event. It is noted that the selection committee considered about 300 participants for the festival this year. Thus, 64 performers competed in the creative competition of the event, including 10 local and 54 foreign bakhshis.

Organizing these kinds of international art and cultural events indeed is another fun activity for those tourists who travel to Uzbekistan to get familiar with Uzbek art and culture as well. Foreigners who visit Uzbekistan can not only travel to Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva and other historical cities of our country but also attend international art & cultural events and festivals being held as well. 


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Did you know?

Uzbekistan is one of only two countries in the world to be ‘double landlocked’ (landlocked and totally surrounded by other landlocked countries). Liechtenstein is double landlocked by 2 countries whilst Uzbekistan is surrounded by 5!

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Uzbekistan is the world capital of melons. They have in excess of 150 different varieties, which form a staple part of the local diet, served fresh in the summer and eaten dried through the winter.

It is Uzbek tradition that the most respected guest be seated farthest from the house’s entrance.

Tashkent’s metro features chandeliers, marble pillars and ceilings, granite, and engraved metal. It has been called one of the most beautiful train stations in the world.

The Uzbek master chef is able to cook in just one caldron enough plov to serve a thousand men.

When you are a host to someone, it is your duty to fill their cups with for the whole time they are with you.  What you must not do, however, is to fill their cup more than half-full.  If you do that as a mistake, say it is a mistake immediately.  Doing it means you want them to leave.  Wow!  Amazing, right?

To Uzbeks, respect means a whole lot.  For this reason they love it if, even as foreigners, you endeavour to add the respectful suffix opa after a woman's name; and aka after a man's.  Example: Linda-opa and David-aka.  You could also use hon and jon respectively.

Having been an historic crossroads for centuries as part of various ancient empires, Uzbekistan’s food is very eclectic. It has its roots in Iranian, Arab, Indian, Russian and Chinese cuisine.

Though identified with the Persia, the Zoroastrism probably originated in Bactria or Sogdiana. Many distinguished scholars share an opinion that Zoroastrianism had originated in the ancient Khorezm. Indeed, today in the world there were found 63 Zoroastrian monuments, including those in Iran, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Thirty-eight of them are in Uzbekistan, whereas 17 of these monuments are located in Khorezm.

One of Islam's most sacred relics - the world's oldest Koran that was compiled in Medina by Othman, the third caliph or Muslim leader, is kept in Tashkent. It was completed in the year 651, only 19 years after Muhammad's death. 

Tashkent is the only megapolis in the world where public transport is totally comprised of Mercedes buses. And due to low urban air polution it is one of the few cities where one can still see the stars in the sky.

You would be surprised to know that modern TV was born in Tashkent. No joke! The picture of moving objects was transmitted by radio first time in the world in Tashkent on 26 of July 1928 by inventors B.P. Grabovsky and I.F. Belansky.

Uzbekistan is the only country in the world all of whose neighbours have their names ending in STAN. This is also the only country in Central Asia that borders all of the countries of this region

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Famous Islamic physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna in the Latin world) who was born near Bukhara was the one of the first people to advocate using women’s hair as suture material – about 1400 years ago.

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Uzbekistan has been ranked one of the safest countries in the world, according to a new global poll. The annual Gallup Global Law and Order asked if people felt safe walking at night and whether they had been victims of crime. The survey placed Uzbekistan 5th out of 135 countries, while the UK was 21st and the US 35th. Top five safest countries:

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