About Uzbekistan

Art and handicrafts of Uzbekistan become the pearl of the exhibition in Vienne, Austria
09 February 2022
Art and handicrafts of Uzbekistan become the pearl of the exhibition in Vienne, Austria

The exhibition "Steppe and Silk Roads" has opened in the World Museum of Vienne, which has collected unique exhibits of European museums about the history of the Silk Road.

The peculiarity of the exhibition is that the exhibits are shown in such an order that visitors can get acquainted with the expositions that embody the history, culture, creativity, as well as modern image of the peoples of the Great Silk Road.

The pearl of the exhibition, which occupies a central place in the pavilion, is Ikat - silk products made and embroidered in Uzbekistan’s Fergana Valley. Fragments of the Mausoleum of Buyan-Kuli-Khan in Bukhara, as well as a collection of national Uzbek cap "duppi" from the countries of Central Asia, were also presented at the exhibition.

Within the framework of "Steppe and Silk Roads", a meeting was held between the executive director of the Foundation for the Development of Culture and Art under the Ministry of Culture Gayane Umerova and the Ambassador of Uzbekistan to Austria Abat Fayzullaev with the director of the World Museum of Vienna Jonathan Fine.

During the meeting, issues of expanding cooperation in the cultural and humanitarian sphere, in particular in museum activities, as well as plans for joint organization of exhibitions of collections of museums of Uzbekistan in Austria were discussed.

The Austrian side was informed in detail about the special attention paid by Uzbek government to strengthening the role and importance of museum activities in preserving the history and promoting the culture of Uzbekistan, as well as the main provisions of the law “On Amendments to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Museums””, signed by the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirzoyoyev on 26 November 2021.

Jonathan Fine emphasized the high interest among art lovers to visit the Steppe and Silk Roads exhibition. He also noted the intention of the Austrian side to replenish the museum's collection with works by artists of Uzbekistan.

“The cities through which the Silk Road ran were the center of the world in the past. They were so famous for their wealth that they still fascinate us. If we take a closer look at the history of the Silk Road, we will understand it not only as a way of exchanging goods but also as a center of knowledge, religions, medicine, and art,” said Jonathan Fine.

He also expressed interest in establishing cooperation through the exchange of experience and experts. Studying collections of exclusive and antique textiles from the Fergana Valley was particularly emphasized.

The parties reached an agreement on the joint study of issues of cooperation in the direction of museum activities and the organization of the exchange of experience through the exchange of specialists.

The Steppe and Silk Roads exhibition will continue until May 3, 2022.

World Museum of Vienna is the largest anthropological and ethnographic museum in Austria. The museum was founded in 1876 and is located in the complex of the former imperial palace "Hofburg". The museum is dedicated to revealing the cultural diversity of mankind. Currently, the museum has 14 exhibition halls and contains more than 460,000 ethnographic and archaeological objects from Asia, Africa, Oceania, and America.

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Did you know?

Uzbekistan is one of only two countries in the world to be ‘double landlocked’ (landlocked and totally surrounded by other landlocked countries). Liechtenstein is double landlocked by 2 countries whilst Uzbekistan is surrounded by 5!

Did you know that Uzbekistan lies in the very heart of Eurasia, the coordinates for Uzbekistan are 41.0000° N, 69.0000°

Uzbekistan is home to the Muruntan gold mine, one of the largest open pit gold mines in the world! The country has 4th largest reserves of gold in the world after South Africa, USA and Russia

Uzbekistan is the world capital of melons. They have in excess of 150 different varieties, which form a staple part of the local diet, served fresh in the summer and eaten dried through the winter.

It is Uzbek tradition that the most respected guest be seated farthest from the house’s entrance.

Tashkent’s metro features chandeliers, marble pillars and ceilings, granite, and engraved metal. It has been called one of the most beautiful train stations in the world.

The Uzbek master chef is able to cook in just one caldron enough plov to serve a thousand men.

When you are a host to someone, it is your duty to fill their cups with for the whole time they are with you.  What you must not do, however, is to fill their cup more than half-full.  If you do that as a mistake, say it is a mistake immediately.  Doing it means you want them to leave.  Wow!  Amazing, right?

To Uzbeks, respect means a whole lot.  For this reason they love it if, even as foreigners, you endeavour to add the respectful suffix opa after a woman's name; and aka after a man's.  Example: Linda-opa and David-aka.  You could also use hon and jon respectively.

Having been an historic crossroads for centuries as part of various ancient empires, Uzbekistan’s food is very eclectic. It has its roots in Iranian, Arab, Indian, Russian and Chinese cuisine.

Though identified with the Persia, the Zoroastrism probably originated in Bactria or Sogdiana. Many distinguished scholars share an opinion that Zoroastrianism had originated in the ancient Khorezm. Indeed, today in the world there were found 63 Zoroastrian monuments, including those in Iran, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Thirty-eight of them are in Uzbekistan, whereas 17 of these monuments are located in Khorezm.

One of Islam's most sacred relics - the world's oldest Koran that was compiled in Medina by Othman, the third caliph or Muslim leader, is kept in Tashkent. It was completed in the year 651, only 19 years after Muhammad's death. 

Tashkent is the only megapolis in the world where public transport is totally comprised of Mercedes buses. And due to low urban air polution it is one of the few cities where one can still see the stars in the sky.

You would be surprised to know that modern TV was born in Tashkent. No joke! The picture of moving objects was transmitted by radio first time in the world in Tashkent on 26 of July 1928 by inventors B.P. Grabovsky and I.F. Belansky.

Uzbekistan is the only country in the world all of whose neighbours have their names ending in STAN. This is also the only country in Central Asia that borders all of the countries of this region

Uzbeks are the third populous Turkik ethnicity in the world after Turks and Azeris (leaving both in Azerbaijan and Iran)

Did you know that there was silk money in Khiva? Super interesting right? Of course, but the best part of having silk money was that it could be sewn into your clothing.

Famous Islamic physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna in the Latin world) who was born near Bukhara was the one of the first people to advocate using women’s hair as suture material – about 1400 years ago.

Uzbekistan has a long and bloody history. The most notorious leader of Uzbekistan was Timur (or Tamerlane) who claimed descent from Genghis Khan. His military campaigns have been credited for wiping out some 5% of the world’s population at the time.

If you have thought that some of the Islamic architecture in Uzbekistan resembles that from Northern India, then that is because Timur’s great great great Grandson, Babur Beg, was the founder of the Moghul Empire that ruled much of India for almost four centuries! Babur’s great great Grandson was Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal.

Uzbekistan was once a rum producig country. There is still a real arboretum in Denau (city near Termez on the border with Afghanistan), grown from a selection station that studied the prospects of plant growing in the unusual for the Soviet Union subtropical climate of Surkhandarya region: only here in the whole of the USSR sugar cane was grown and even rum was produced!

Uzbekistan has been ranked one of the safest countries in the world, according to a new global poll. The annual Gallup Global Law and Order asked if people felt safe walking at night and whether they had been victims of crime. The survey placed Uzbekistan 5th out of 135 countries, while the UK was 21st and the US 35th. Top five safest countries:

  • Singapore
  • Norway
  • Iceland
  • Finland
  • Uzbekistan
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