Tashkent Museum of Railway Equipment records the history of railways in Uzbekistan. The museum is located in Tashkent, where most of the railway wagons and trains on display were built. The Railway Museum in not only the number one museum in Tashkent, it is also one of the largest railway museums in the former Soviet Union. The museum boasts a large collection of Soviet made steam, diesel and electric locomotives, plus a variety of carriages and railway engineering equipment.
The museum opened on August 4, 1989, at the 100-year anniversary of the first railways in Central Asia. The museum sponsors exhibits on the development of railway technologies in Uzbekistan in the second half of the 20th century.
It hosts 13 steam engines, 18 diesel and 3 electric locomotives that were used across Uzbekistan to pull different types of wagons - many of which are also on display. The equipment required to operate a railway e.g. signals, semaphore and radio and paraphernalia such as emblems, tools and uniforms of the machinists is included.
The USSR produced steam locomotives until the 1950s and some were still in service during the early 1990s. The Tashkent Railway museum displays 13 steam locomotives dating from Imperial Russia to the mid 1950s. The earliest model on display is an O class locomotive that was built in 1914. The O class was produced between 1890 and 1928 and is one of the most produced locomotives in the world.
The oldest sample of railway engine that can be seen there is an OV engine 1534 ("The Lamb") 700 horsepower, made in 1914, It reached the speed of 55 km/h. The most powerful engine presented in the museum is P 36 ( "Victory" ) it has about 3000 horsepower. The engine as absolutely new vehicle was invented in 1833-1834 by Efim and Makar Cherepanovs and was used up to 1956 when cars were transferred to diesel locomotion. The maneuverable locomotive of 1961 there could reach the speed of 60 km/h.
The museum offers a journey on one of the oldest trains, along a track that is almost 1 km long, through its grounds.