Cultural development of Uzbekistan has a very rich history. In the 8 century army Arab Caliph invaded Mawarannahr (\"the land beyond the river\"), the territory between the river Amudarya, Syrdarya and Earth Horazana, lying on the southern bank of the Amu Darya. This conquest brought a new religion called Islam in Saudi Arabia. At the same time, it was the religion of fire and other religions like Buddhism, Judaism and Christianity. Since then, Islam has dominated throughout the area and has become an extremely important part of its culture.    Mawarannahr was one of the most advanced Caliphate regions playing a significant role in social and cultural life. Great Silk Road linked the West with the East, and people from southern and Northern countries passed through this land. Cities of Bukhara, Samarkand, Mawarannahr and Kunya-Urgench were the crossroads of caravan routes from India, China, Egypt, Byzantium, Slavic countries and Arabia.    In the House of wisdom, \"bite UL-Hikma\", which was built on the orders of the ruler of the Caliphate of Islam translated books of Aristotle, Plato, Archimedes and other ancient Greek scientists and philosophers from classical Greek into Arabic. Brilliant young scientists Mavarannahra, Al-khorezmi, Ahmad Al-Fergani, Al-Marwazi, Jawhari, Marvaradi and others. Baghdad has become one of the world's scientific and cultural centers.    The struggle for the independence and freedom of Central Asian region from the yoke of the Caliphate has increased and by the end of the 9th century and formed the first Samanid State with the capital in Bukhara. This State existed until the end of the 10th century. During the 10-12 centuries such independent gosudartsva as Navids, Seldûkidov, Karakhanid and Khorezmshakhs. Despite the ongoing war, imposed under the influence of certain circles, this period was very important for the development of culture and science. Gaining political independence and self-government State gave a good start, has opened up significant opportunities for the region's economic and cultural development. This time in history is known as the Oriental Renaissance and is famous for the growth of spiritual enlightenment.

This period is characterized by work and creations such philosophers as Abu Nasr Farabi, Imam Al-Bukhari, Naršaki, Mahmud Kashgari, Marginaniy, Nadjimmiddin Kubro, Abu Rayhan Beruni, Abu Ali Ibn Sina, Al-Zamakhshari, and eminent poets like Rudaki, Yusuf Khas Hajib, Ahmad Yassavi and Abu Bakr Al-Khwarizmi.    At the same time, the new religious movement of Islam, known for their free, such as Mutaziliâ, Ismailia and Sufism. Cities of Bukhara, Samarkand, Merv, Urgench and Khiva became very well known in Muslim countries. Quickly developed craft, architecture and construction. At the beginning of 11 century under Mamun Khorezm-Shah, in khoresm were established new research centres, where outstanding Oriental scholars. He later was dedicated to Khorezm-Shah and became the first Academy in Central Asia.    At this time, the culture and science of Mawarannahr acquired its global popularity, however, this rapid growth was violently stopped by at the beginning of 13 century. Mongol invasion of Genghis Khan in the country has destroyed all the cities, irrigation infrastructure and cultural sources dating from the 2-3rd centuries BC. The struggle for independence and liberation from foreign conquerors occurred during the second half of the 14th century. A crucial element of the struggle was the tireless energy of Amir Temur. Step by step he cleared the land of Transoxiana from Mongol rulers, and by the end of the 14 century was found to have a strong State, which occupied a large territory. Timur mainly made emphasis on the consolidation of political power, economic and cultural growth. The basic principles of Government were described in the document, known as the \"laws of Timur\". Timurids period was characterized by the development of architecture, science and art.    Especially during the reign of Ulugbek, Shakhrukh and Khusain Baikaro, culture reached its high point in historical time and cities of Mawarannahr and Khorasan were recognized all over the world, not only in Muslim countries, but also in Europe. It was late in the second half of the Central Asian Renaissance. Great philosophers such as Ulugbek, Kozizada Rumi, Ali Kushchi, Miršarif Džuržini, Jami, Hodja Akbar, Lûtfij, Hondamihr, Bekzod, Babur and many others have been recognized all over the world. In this era of a thinker and poet worked as Alisher Navoi. One of the Timurids, Ulugbek was responsible for the construction of the Science Center in Samarkand, known as the Ulugbek Academy.

This was the time of the construction of the monuments and cultural facilities, the period for the rapid growth of Uzbek poetry, fiction writing, art and miniatures of many scientific fields of astronomy, mathematics, history and medicine.    But by the end of 15 century, internal wars have become more frequent and the Timurids State destroyed at the beginning of the 16th century. From the North came the Turkic nomads. However, at the beginning of the 17 century, the great grandson of Timur and the ruler of Fergana, Babur invaded India and established a new State known as \"the great Mongol Empire\". The Timurids ruled that State prior to the invasion of Great Britain in India.    The 17-th century onwards Mawarannahr experienced deep economic and social crisis. However, at that time, people such as Mahmoud Azim, Karabaghi, Turdi, mashrab, Nodira Mašrab, Uvaisiy, Gulkhani, Mahmudkuli, Berdakh and others became known for his treatises and literary works.    During the first half of the 19 century Muhammad Rakhimkhan paid great attention to the history and literature in Khorezm, this was the time of Munis, Komil khorezmi, Agakhi, Bayani and others.    During the second half of the 19-20th century life of Turkestan was filled with great social, economic and political developments. In the 1860 's, Imperial Russia beginning the conquest of Turkestan.    During this period were violent anti-colonial reform enlightened movements that influenced the cultural and social life of Turkestan. Based on the culture of enlightened movement headed by scientists and poets, such as Akhmad Donish, Furkhat, Avaz Otar and Mukimiy. The great change is a feature of Turkestan culture of this period.    At the end of 19-th century Jadid movement based education and has put forward a new formation and education, social and cultural policies. Step by step the activities and work of such famous bukharians as Bekhbudi, Fitrat, Abdullah Avloni, Munnavhar Kari, Khamza and others spread widely among humans. Magazines and newspapers started appearing, books and brochures, stimulating interest and growth of the national historical and cultural heritage. This ensured significant growth of national consciousness, political and cultural maturity and the struggle for an independent path of development.