About Uzbekistan

International Cultural Forum "Central Asia at the Crossroads of World Civilizations" and a Week of Cultural Heritage soon take place in Uzbekistan
08 September 2021
International Cultural Forum "Central Asia at the Crossroads of World Civilizations" and a Week of Cultural Heritage soon take place in Uzbekistan

As we wrote earlier, the International Cultural Forum "Central Asia at the Crossroads of World Civilizations" is planned to take place during 14-15 September 2021 in Khiva, Uzbekistan. 

The event is organized in cooperation with UNESCO by the initiative of the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, expressed at the 75th session of the UN General Assembly in September 2020. The initiative was supported by the head of the international organization UNESCO Audrey Azoulay: “I welcome the initiative of President Mirziyoyev to hold an international cultural forum on Central Asia in Khiva in 2021”.

Being one of the oldest cities on the Silk Road, Khiva was a center of education, science and culture and served as the crossroad of civilizations for many centuries. The historic heart of Khiva has been so well preserved that it’s often criticized as lifeless – a ‘museum city’. Even if you subscribe to that theory, you’ll have to admit that it’s one helluva museum. To walk through the walls and catch that first glimpse of the fabled Ichan-Qala (inner walled city) in all its monotoned, mud-walled glory is like stepping into another era. History is just a sniff away here.

The architectural monuments of Khiva are of unique value to the world. In the list of values of universal importance, Khorezm occupies a special place, as one of the centers of the world civilization and an important center on the Great Silk Road.

The city of Khiva was one of the first in Central Asia to be added to the UNESCO World Heritage List as a place preserving to the world heritage of mankind in 1990. Khiva celebrated its 2500th anniversary under the aegis of UNESCO in 1997. Today Khiva keeps attracting more and more tourists visiting Uzbekistan.

The upcoming Forum is aimed at serving as a platform for a comprehensive exchange of ideas on the invaluable contribution of Uzbek people to the world civilization.

Another significant event as a part of the international forum will be the opening of the meeting of the Permanent Council of Culture Ministers of the TURKSOY countries. Within the framework of the program, a report on events within the framework of "Khiva - the cultural capital of the Turkic world", a presentation on the cultural capital of the Turkic world in 2022, as well as the election of the Secretary-General of TURKIC for 2021-2024 will take place.

Another traditional event - The week of Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan will also take place during the 13-21 September in several cities of Uzbekistan, such as Tashkent, Khiva and Nukus. The Week of Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan will cover a number of bright cultural occasions demonstrating Uzbek culture and traditions. Within the framework of the Week, the Fifth Congress of the World Society for the Study, Preservation and Popularization of the Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan named "Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan - the Foundation of a New Renaissance" will also be organized.

More than 350 scientists and experts from 46 countries of the world and Uzbekistan will participate in the congress - leading orientalists, Koranologists, experts, researchers, specialists in manuscripts and miniatures, and many others.

More than 10 exhibitions that will demonstrate unique masterpieces of Uzbek art will be held as a part of Cultural Heritage Week. The exhibitions include the following:

Photo exhibitions of the archaeologist, researcher of the culture of Central Asia Leon Semyonovich Barshchevsky, "History of Uzbekistan in photographs", "Cartography of Central Asia: between science and geopolitics", the photo exhibition "100 outstanding manuscripts of Uzbekistan", an exhibition of Rishtan ceramics, a virtual trip to the monuments of Shakhrisabz and Samarkand " 3D-technologies in modern science ", an exhibition of video art, painting by Zh. Usmanov" Poetry of A. Navoi ", an exhibition of the numismatic collection of the National Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan and others.

The participant of the Cultural Heritage Week will visit Nukus and attend the opening ceremony of the International Scientific and Theoretical Conference "The Role of Bakhshi Art in the Civilization of World Culture" at the Nukus Bakhshi School. Following the opening ceremony, the participants will also attend the opening ceremony of the International Bakhshi Art Festival of Uzbekistan.

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Did you know?

Uzbekistan is one of only two countries in the world to be ‘double landlocked’ (landlocked and totally surrounded by other landlocked countries). Liechtenstein is double landlocked by 2 countries whilst Uzbekistan is surrounded by 5!

Did you know that Uzbekistan lies in the very heart of Eurasia, the coordinates for Uzbekistan are 41.0000° N, 69.0000°

Uzbekistan is home to the Muruntan gold mine, one of the largest open pit gold mines in the world! The country has 4th largest reserves of gold in the world after South Africa, USA and Russia

Uzbekistan is the world capital of melons. They have in excess of 150 different varieties, which form a staple part of the local diet, served fresh in the summer and eaten dried through the winter.

It is Uzbek tradition that the most respected guest be seated farthest from the house’s entrance.

Tashkent’s metro features chandeliers, marble pillars and ceilings, granite, and engraved metal. It has been called one of the most beautiful train stations in the world.

The Uzbek master chef is able to cook in just one caldron enough plov to serve a thousand men.

When you are a host to someone, it is your duty to fill their cups with for the whole time they are with you.  What you must not do, however, is to fill their cup more than half-full.  If you do that as a mistake, say it is a mistake immediately.  Doing it means you want them to leave.  Wow!  Amazing, right?

To Uzbeks, respect means a whole lot.  For this reason they love it if, even as foreigners, you endeavour to add the respectful suffix opa after a woman's name; and aka after a man's.  Example: Linda-opa and David-aka.  You could also use hon and jon respectively.

Having been an historic crossroads for centuries as part of various ancient empires, Uzbekistan’s food is very eclectic. It has its roots in Iranian, Arab, Indian, Russian and Chinese cuisine.

Though identified with the Persia, the Zoroastrism probably originated in Bactria or Sogdiana. Many distinguished scholars share an opinion that Zoroastrianism had originated in the ancient Khorezm. Indeed, today in the world there were found 63 Zoroastrian monuments, including those in Iran, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Thirty-eight of them are in Uzbekistan, whereas 17 of these monuments are located in Khorezm.

One of Islam's most sacred relics - the world's oldest Koran that was compiled in Medina by Othman, the third caliph or Muslim leader, is kept in Tashkent. It was completed in the year 651, only 19 years after Muhammad's death. 

Tashkent is the only megapolis in the world where public transport is totally comprised of Mercedes buses. And due to low urban air polution it is one of the few cities where one can still see the stars in the sky.

You would be surprised to know that modern TV was born in Tashkent. No joke! The picture of moving objects was transmitted by radio first time in the world in Tashkent on 26 of July 1928 by inventors B.P. Grabovsky and I.F. Belansky.

Uzbekistan is the only country in the world all of whose neighbours have their names ending in STAN. This is also the only country in Central Asia that borders all of the countries of this region

Uzbeks are the third populous Turkik ethnicity in the world after Turks and Azeris (leaving both in Azerbaijan and Iran)

Did you know that there was silk money in Khiva? Super interesting right? Of course, but the best part of having silk money was that it could be sewn into your clothing.

Famous Islamic physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna in the Latin world) who was born near Bukhara was the one of the first people to advocate using women’s hair as suture material – about 1400 years ago.

Uzbekistan has a long and bloody history. The most notorious leader of Uzbekistan was Timur (or Tamerlane) who claimed descent from Genghis Khan. His military campaigns have been credited for wiping out some 5% of the world’s population at the time.

If you have thought that some of the Islamic architecture in Uzbekistan resembles that from Northern India, then that is because Timur’s great great great Grandson, Babur Beg, was the founder of the Moghul Empire that ruled much of India for almost four centuries! Babur’s great great Grandson was Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal.

Uzbekistan was once a rum producig country. There is still a real arboretum in Denau (city near Termez on the border with Afghanistan), grown from a selection station that studied the prospects of plant growing in the unusual for the Soviet Union subtropical climate of Surkhandarya region: only here in the whole of the USSR sugar cane was grown and even rum was produced!

Uzbekistan has been ranked one of the safest countries in the world, according to a new global poll. The annual Gallup Global Law and Order asked if people felt safe walking at night and whether they had been victims of crime. The survey placed Uzbekistan 5th out of 135 countries, while the UK was 21st and the US 35th. Top five safest countries:

  • Singapore
  • Norway
  • Iceland
  • Finland
  • Uzbekistan
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