Monuments in Khiva

Ichan-Qala (literally "internal fortress") forms the internal city of Khiva. The borders of Khiva coincided with that in the 16th-17th centuries. The clay wall over 2,200 m in length and 7-8 m in height surrounded Ichan-Qala. The wall was fortified with semicircular towers. The embattled gallery went along the top of wall. Defensive walls of Ichan-Qala reliably protected Khiva down to invasion of Nadir-shah in the middle of 18th century. Iranian troops took Khiva and fortification system was partly destroyed. Khiva had expanded at the Qungrad dynasty. By the 20th century its area had been fifteen times as much as Ichan-Qala.

Ichan-Qala, the historical center of Khiva, was inscribed into UNESCO World Heritage List. There are more than sixty architectural monuments: palaces, mosques, madrassahs, minarets and mausoleums. The fortress of Kunya-Ark was constructed in the 17th century in Ichan-Qala for khan's administration. Each of Ichan-Qala's four walls has the gates (darvaza). The western gates - Ata-darvaza are located beside Kunya-Ark, the northern - Bahcha-darvaza are on the road to Urgench, the eastern - Palvan-darvaza lead to Hazarasp and the Amu-Darya River and the southern - Tash-darvaza to the Qarakum Desert. Ata-darvaza were destroyed in 1920 and restored in the 1970s.

Bagbanly Mosque
Bathhouse of Anush-khan
Complex of Pakhlavan Makhmud
Complex of Sha-Qalandar-bobo
Djuma Mosque and Minaret
Islam-Khodja Madrassah and Minaret
Kalta-Minor Minaret
Kunya-Ark. Kurinysh-khona. Ak-Sheikh-bobo. Mosque of Allakuli-khan
Madrassah of Amir-Tura
Madrassah of Arab khan and Muhammad-Amin-inak
Madrassah of Khurdjum and Allakuli-khan
Madrassah of Kutlug-Murad-inak and Abdulla-khan
Madrassah of Matniyaz-Divan-beghi
Madrassah of Muhammad Amin-khan
Madrassah of Muhammad Rakhim khan
Madrassah of Shirgazi-khan
Monument of Al-Khorezmiy
Palvan-Darvaza Gate
Tash-hauli (palace of Allakuli-khan)
Tim and Caravan-Serai of Allakuli-khan

Palace of Nurullah-bai
Minaret, madrassah and mosque of Seyid-biy
Minaret of Palvan-Kari

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